發自內心地演講,別把演講弄成逐字逐句的背誦,通過不斷的眼神交流以及聲音調整與你的聽眾進行溝通,這會讓你的情感、承諾和決心自然地流露。

Speak from the heart

發自內心地演講

Take possession of the room. People are giving you their time, so make it worth their while. It isn't enough just to know what you're talking about: You have to believe in it. Don't say "I wasn't planning on talking with you today" or that you didn't have time to prepare. Be humble, sincere, and controlled in your approach.
做這里的主人。人們給了你時間,要讓他們感覺有價值。只了解你要講什么是不夠的:你必須相信它。別說“我沒有打算今天談話”或者沒時間準備。要在演講過程中做到謙虛、真誠、克制。
Don't conduct a word-by-word recitation of your speech. Connect with your audience through constant eye contact and vocal modulation that allows your emotion, commitment, and determination to naturally shine.
別把演講弄成逐字逐句的背誦。通過不斷的眼神交流以及聲音調整與你的聽眾進行溝通,這會讓你的情感、承諾和決心自然地流露。
Delivering a new officewide initiative with this type of fervor, for example, keys employees in to the fact that what you're saying needs to be retained.
把這種熱情用在辦公場所,比如,重要員工所說的話需要被保留。

眼神交流

?Move your eyes slowly from person to person, and pause two or three seconds with each listener;
眼睛慢慢地從一個移動到另一個人,在每一個人身上停留兩到三秒鐘時間;

Look at people straight or look at the bridge of their noses or chins;
眼睛直視聽眾,或看著他們的鼻梁或下巴;

Look for the friendlier faces and smile at them one by one, then move on to the more skeptical members and smile at them one by one also;
找到那些看起來比較友善的聽眾,逐次朝他們微笑;然后目標轉向那些有些懷疑的聽眾,也逐漸朝他們微笑;

Imagine the audience in bathrobes in case you are nervous.
如果你感到緊張,不妨想象聽眾都穿著浴衣的樣子。

使用話筒

1.手握話筒的位置離麥頭非常近;

2.甚至還會雙手緊緊握住話筒;

3.還有就是會下意識地用麥克風擋住自己的嘴,這個動作代表的潛意識就是想躲避。

以上的三點是非常影響演講的效果,還請大家在演講時要避免,那么我們在演講時話筒該如何使用呢,大家可以試著注意以下幾個方面:

You must speak up and project your voice even if you are using a microphone
即使是用話筒,也要聲音響亮并運氣發聲;

Your voice should be resonant and sustained when you speak;
聲音要有回聲并能稍持續一陣兒;

Pitch your voice slightly lower than normal. Listeners tend to associate credibility and authority with a relatively deep voice;
音調要定得比正常講話時低一些,聽眾往往把可信度與權威性與一個相對低沉的聲音聯系在一起;

Try to end declarative sentences on a low tone without, however, trailing off in volume;
盡量用降調結束陳述句,但不要減弱音量;

Slow down.
放慢語速。

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使用手勢

Make sure all your gestures are smooth and natural;
所有的動作都應該流暢自然;

Don't put your hands in your pockets;
不要把手插在口袋里;

Let your hands and arms drop naturally to your side ,gently fold both indesfingers together,without wringing or gripping your hands in any way;
將手和手臂自然地在身體兩側下垂,輕微屈起食指,不要扭在一起或緊握拳頭;

Let your hands do what they want to do as long as they don't go back into your pockets or make obscene gestures.
手想要怎樣就讓它怎樣,直到它不再回到你的口袋或在聽眾面前做一些惹人討厭的手勢。

Point at imaginary objects and don't point at others with your index finger;
手可以指點著假想的物體,不要用食指指著別人;

Size or quantity can also easily be shown by expanding or contracting the hands;
心寸的大小和數量的多少也可以通過兩手的擴張和收縮來演示;

Gracefully show your audience the appropriate number of fingers by holding your hands at a 45 degree angle from your head;
手抬起并與頭成四十五度角,優雅地用手勢表示出數字;

To emphasize physical size such as length,width,hold your hands out in front you widely apart to move them up and down.
如果想要強調長度尺寸的大小,將兩手伸向前方,盡量分開,并上下移動。

緩解演講焦慮:

要理解你的聽眾都希望你成功,他們來聽你的演講就是希望能聽到有趣的、有意義的、能刺激和提升他們思想的演講;
多做練習是最好的準備。你心里的自信越高,你的表現就會越好。練習時,請親人和朋友作為觀眾,然后給予你回饋;
如果可能,在上臺前先和前面幾排的聽眾聊聊天。一方面,可以讓局面更友善,幫助你減輕壓力,另一方面,也可以多給你幾個和善的臉讓你講得更輕松;
如果講到一半忘了演講詞,不要緊張,直接跳到下面的題目,很可能根本沒有人注意到你的失誤;
停頓不是問題,不要總是想填滿每一秒鐘。最優秀的演講者會利用間隔的停頓來把他的重點更清晰地表達出來。

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禁忌:

聲音單調:太過平直的聲音會讓觀眾覺得無聊,甚至昏昏欲睡。

聲音尖細:演講時尖利的聲音會讓聽眾覺得不舒服和反感。

夸張的詞語使用得太多:演講詞中出現太多的夸張性詞語會讓觀眾覺得你的演講很不真實。

口齒不清:演講最重要的就是要口齒清晰,否則聽眾根本無法理解演講的內容。

語速太快:演講時語速過快,聽眾會很難跟上演講者的速度,同時很可能漏掉許多重要信息。

使用生僻字詞和技術術語等:演講的目的就是面對聽眾表達自己的觀點,演講內容要符合聽眾的身份,不要為了演講而演講。

沒有明確主題:沒有明確主題的演講很難給聽眾留下深刻的印象,更別提接受演講者的觀點了。

好的結尾:

1.Bookend Close
好書結尾式結尾
For a bookend speech closing, refer back to your opening anecdote or quote and say, "We have arrived, now, where we began".
這樣的結尾是指重新回到演講開始時引用的軼事或者話語,并且說道:“現在我們又回到了我們開始的地方。”

2.Challenge Close
挑戰式結尾
Challenge your audience to apply what you have told them in the speech.
挑戰你的觀眾,讓他們運用在你的演講中學到的知識。

3.Echo Close
回音式結尾
Focus on one word in a quotation and emphasize that word to echo your final point.
專注于你引用過的一個詞,反復強調,來不斷突出你最后的觀點。

4.Repetitive Close
重復式結尾
Find a phrase and structure it in a repetitive format that strikes the cadence of a drummer, building to a crescendo ending of a motivational speech.
使用排比句,使之聽起來像鼓手打鼓那般有節奏感,使用漸次加強的語氣來結束一場激動人心的演講。

5.Title Close
標題式結尾
Give your speech a provocative title that encapsulates your message memorably. Then, use the title of your speech as your closing words to stir your audience to think more fully about what they just heard.
給你的演講取一個有煽動性的標題,因而使你傳達的信息更加難忘。然后用此標題來作為你的結束語,引發觀眾對你剛剛的演講內容更深刻的思考。

6.Sing Song Close
歌唱式結尾
Ask the audience to repeat a phrase that you used several times in your speech.
請觀眾重復你在演講中反復說過的一句話。
以下內容更精彩,請繼續閱讀:英語演講怎么結尾最好,英語演講結尾怎么寫。

7.Callback Close
回憶式結尾
Refer back to a story you told where some activity was not fully completed. Then pick up the story and close it around your theme.
重提你說過的一個不完整的故事,用它來切合你的主題,結束你的演講。

8. Movie Close
電影式結尾
Make a reference to a well-known movie or book.
參考一部著名的電影或書。

9.Quotation Close
引用式結尾
Use a famous quotation to harness the audience’s attention, much like turning on a spotlight.
用一句名言吸引觀眾的注意,就如打開一盞聚光燈一般。

10.Third Party Close
第三方式結尾
Take the use of a quotation up a notch with the Third Party Close. Leverage the use of a quotation in context of your message. Use the premise of that quotation to frame your finale so that it serves as a launching pad to lift your message high for the audience to more fully appreciate.
利用第三方式結尾來使用名言。通過你要傳達的信息內容來衡量名言的用處。以那句名言為基礎構造你的完美謝幕,讓它成為你語言的發射臺,讓你說的話更好地被觀眾所接受。